OHRC At A Glance
The Commission mainly enquires into violation of Human Rights by a public authority, namely; rights relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed by the Constitution or embodied in the International Covenants and enforceable by Courts in India, and issues appropriate direction necessary for the protection of such rights.
The constitution of India 1950 was inspired by the aspiration goals set out in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948. The preamble to the Constitution of India 1950 underlines the need to secure to all citizens justice, liberty, equality and also dignity of the individual as important values.
A number of civil and political rights including the right to equality, freedom of speech, right to life and personal liberty, prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour, freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion have been enshrined in the provisions of the Constitution of India dealing with fundamental rights.
The principles laid down in the Directive Principles of State Policy are fundamental in the governance of the country. The legislature is expected to keep in view these principles while making laws because the objective of the directive principles is to embody the concept of a welfare state.
The Parliament has enacted various legislations which seek to protect and promote the rights of the vulnerable sections of the society like the disabled, the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, women and children. In so far as women are concerned, the legislations cover issues such as dowry harassment, immoral traffic, prevention of sati and misuse of prenatal diagnostics to cause female foeticide. The Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993, provides for the constitution of i) National Human Rights Commission (ii) State Human Rights Commissions (iii) Human Rights Courts.
While inquiring into complaints under the Act, the Commission shall have all the power of court trying a suit under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908.Read More
Landmark judgements by the Commission in different complaints as well as the recommendations to the Government/Public Authority.Read More
Subject Wise classification of incidents leading to Complaints/ Suo- Motu Action by the Commissions are as follows...Read More
The Commission framed a set of Regulations to be followed by the Commission in making enquiries of suo-motu or on petitions presented to it.Read More